Suez Canal also known in Arabic language “Qanāt al-Suways” as it is conected from Egypt so need to know its arabic name also, It is a best human made sea-level waterway running north-south across the Isthmus of Suez in Egypt to connect the Mediterranean and the Red seas. This canal actully separates the African continent from Asia continent, and it provides the shortest maritime route between Europe and the lands lying around the Indian and western Pacific oceans, this is the reason India get a lot of benefits from this, as this was made in British era for their own benefits those they got from India.
Quick Facts about Suez Canal
|Name id Arabic||Qanāt al-Suways|
|Construction began||25 September 1859|
|Construction completed||November 27, 1869|
|Length||193.3 km (120.1 miles)|
|Minimum boat air draft||68 m (223 ft)|
|Minimum boat draft||20.1 m (66 ft)|
|Maximum boat beam||77.5 m (254 ft 3 in)|
|Connecting||Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea|
As of now it is one of the world’s most heavily used shipping water way lanes. The canal extends 193 km means around 120 miles between Port Said (Būr Saʿīd) in the north and Suez in the south, with dredged approach channels north of Port Said, into the Mediterranean, and south of Suez. The canal does not take the shortest route across the isthmus, which is only 121 km around 75 miles. Instead, it utilizes several lakes: from north to south, Lake Manzala (Buḥayrat al-Manzilah), Lake Timsah (Buḥayrat al-Timsāḥ), and the Bitter Lakes—Great Bitter Lake (Al-Buḥayrah al-Murrah al-Kubrā) and Little Bitter Lake (Al-Buḥayrah al-Murrah al-Ṣughrā). The Suez Canal is an open cut, without locks, and, though extensive straight lengths occur, there are eight major bends. To the west of the canal is the low-lying delta of the Nile River, and to the east is the higher, rugged, and arid Sinai Peninsula.
Prior to construction of the canal (completed in 1869), the only important settlement was Suez, which in 1859 had 3,000 to 4,000 inhabitants. The rest of the towns along its banks have grown up since, with the possible exception of Al-Qanṭarah.